Communist University of the Toilers of China Library

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Where: Moscow Federal City, Moskva Raion, Russia

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The Communist University of the Toilers of China, known as the Sun-Yat Sen University of the Toilers of China until September 17th, 1928 was a Communist International school for Chinese revolutionaries from both the Kuomintang (KMT) and the Communist Party of China (CPC) that operated in the years 1925-1930 and was located in Moscow. It was named in honor of Sun-Yat Sen for his contributions to the Chinese Revolution of 1911 as well as his friendly stance toward the Soviet Union at the time. Students there were taught basic principles of Marxism and Leninism, as well as propaganda and mobilization techniques in theory and practice. Famous graduates included Deng Xiaoping, leader of the People’s Republic of China in the 1980s, and Chiang Ching-kuo, leader of the Republic of China (Taiwan) in the 1970s and son of Nationalist leader Chiang Kai-Shek, among many others who would be influential in politics in China.

This book stamp is from a book looted by the Nazis and sorted by Colonel Seymour Pomrenze, one of “the Monuments Men,” at the Offenbach Archival Depot.
There are two scrapbooks of archival markings from the books sorted at the Offenbach Depot in the Seymour Pomrenze Collection held by the American Jewish Historical Society (Call number P-933) There is a finding aid for the collection here The digitized scrapbooks are available here and here.

For more information on this project check the Center’s blog: 16thstreet.tumblr.com/tagged/Offenbach-Depot

Dr. Mitch Fraas, Acting Director of the Digital Humanities Forum at the University of Pennsylvania Libraries' Special Collections Center is working on a similar project for the German book stamps based on NARA microfilm of the volumes the American Jewish Historical Society currently holds. See viewshare.org/views/mfraas/offenbach-bookplates/

The Center for Jewish History would like to acknowledge the following: The American Jewish Historical Society, who graciously allowed the use of their archival materials and digital content; Mitch Fraas, Acting Director of the Digital Humanities Forum at the University of Pennsylvania Libraries' Special Collections Center, for his data and technical assistance in this project; David Rosenberg, Senior Manager for Communications, and Melanie Meyers, Senior Reference Services Librarian for Special Collections, for managing and creating the digital map; as well as Reference Services Librarian Zachary Loeb and Reference Services Assistant Ilya Slavutskiy for their work on translating and mapping.

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Owner: Center for Jewish History, NYC
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