Lieutenant M Brachi MC

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Royal Engineers

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Owner: IWM Collections
Source: Flickr Commons
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firstworldwar bondofsacrifice iwm war imperialwarmuseums photographicprints blackandwhiteprints warphotography worldwar 19141918 ww1 wwi worldwarone greatwar thegreatwar worldwar1 centenary military soldier officer britisharmy brachi mc militarycross royalengineers

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    michaelday_bath

    • 21/Oct/2013 15:40:49

    There is some information on a Maurice Brachi in the Supplements to the London Gazette: 17 Feb 1915, p. 1681: "Private Maurice Brachi, from the 28th (County of London) Battalion, The London Regiment (Artists' Rifles) to be Second Lieutenant. Dated 18th February, 1915." 18 October 1917, p. 10697: "ROYAL ENGINEERS. The undermentioned to be Lts., with precedence as from 1st June 1916. 1st July 1917: [...] 2nd Lt. (temp. Lt.) M. Brachi, M.C." 17 December 1917, p. 13174: "ROYAL ENGINEERS. Lt. M. Brachi, M.C., is seconded. 12th Nov. 1917." Also "Lt. Maurice BRACHI, M.C. (154354)." is mentioned as an Emergency Commission on 6 January 1941, p 127. The CWDG database also mentions a Anthony St John Maurice Brachi, the "son of Maj. Maurice Brachi, M.C., Royal Artillery, and Elsie Muriel Brachi, of Maida Vale, London." The rank and regiment do not fit, but this could be his son. If so, he died on the 24 April 1943 and was buried in Massicault War Cemetery, Tunisia.

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    michaelday_bath

    • 21/Oct/2013 15:59:28

    For the MC, see: The regimental roll of honour and war record of the Artists' Rifles (1/28th, 2/28th and 3/28th battalions, the London Regiment T. F.): Commissions, promotions, appointments and rewards for service in the field obtained by members of the corps since 4th August, 1914, 3rd ed. (London: Howlett & Son, 1922) , p. 61: BRACHI, Lieut. Maurice ... 3/London Field Co., R.E. VIMY RIDGE, 21st May, 1916. For conspicuous ability and good personal example and care in organising a combined R.E. and Infantry party to occupy advanced trenches under very heavy fire. Available at: archive.org/details/regimentalrollof00highiala

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    Moominpappa06

    • 21/Oct/2013 20:27:43

    On the 1891 census the 1 year old Maurice, born East Barnet, Hertfordshire, was recorded at Brook House, Southgate Road, East Barnet Hertfordshire. This was the household of his paternal grandfather, the widower Peter Brachi, a 69 year old Retired Tobacco Broker from Southwark, London. Also in the household are Maurice's parents, Peter Chas, (aged 35 and Tobacco Manufacturer from Hackney) and Clara Harriet, (aged 35 and from Bath, Somerset). Their other children are:- Ethel Clara........................aged 11................born Islington Charles Clarence............aged 10.................born Islington Vincent.............................aged 8...................born Islington Frances...........................aged 7...................born Islington Lancelot..........................aged 5...................born East Barnet There are then 7 live in servants. A company notice for Peter Brachi, Tobacco Broker can be seen in this edition of the London Gazette for the 3rd January 1865. www.london-gazette.co.uk/issues/22926/pages/18/page.pdf On the 1901 census the family are recorded at 18 Frognal Lane, Hampstead, London. Head of the household is father Peter C, now recorded as living on own means. Still in the household are Ethel C, (21), Charles C, (20), Vincent (18) - all now shown as born Stoke Newington. The family has expanded to include Philip, (aged 9 and born East Barnet). On the 1911 census the 21 year old Maurice, working as a Stockbrokers Clerk, was recorded living in his parents household at 80 West End Lane, Hampstead. Father Peter Charles is recorded as a retired Tobacco Manufacturer. Philip, (19), is still at home and now working as an Insurance Clerk. The Medal Index card for Lieutenant Maurice Brachi, Royal Engineers is held at the National Archive under reference WO 372/3/25081 discovery.nationalarchives.gov.uk/SearchUI/Details?uri=D1... Other possible Medal Index Cards for his siblings C C Brachi (Charles Clarence) - Captain, Royal Lancaster Regiment \ Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers WO 372/24/6684 discovery.nationalarchives.gov.uk/SearchUI/Details?uri=D6... Captain Charles Clarence Brachi, 8th Royal Lancaster Regiment. (second card for the same individual?) WO 372/3/25080 discovery.nationalarchives.gov.uk/SearchUI/Details?uri=D1... Private 1482 Philip Brachi, Honourable Artillery Company then Acting \ Major Royal Garison Artillery WO 372/3/25082 discovery.nationalarchives.gov.uk/SearchUI/Details?uri=D1... But there is also a card for a Second Lieutenant P Brachi, Royal Garison Artillery, held under reference WO 372/24/6685 discovery.nationalarchives.gov.uk/SearchUI/Details?uri=D6... The Army Records for Charles Clarence Brachi are held under reference WO 339/12867 discovery.nationalarchives.gov.uk/SearchUI/Details?uri=C1... www.kingsownmuseum.plus.com/keithsb.htm A picture of the officers of the battalion including Charles Clarence www.kingsownmuseum.plus.com/gallerywwone019.htm

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    Moominpappa06

    • 21/Oct/2013 20:38:21

    According to this family web-site, Elsie Brachi, nee Weston, had two brothers, both of whom served with the Canadian Armry. www.mkheritage.co.uk/yghg/people/Weston1.html Lieutenant Whitford Wells Weston has already been mentioned. His enlistment papers can be seen here. www.collectionscanada.gc.ca/databases/cef/001042-119.02-e... www.collectionscanada.gc.ca/databases/cef/001042-119.02-e.... His brother was Douglas Colin Weston. www.collectionscanada.gc.ca/databases/cef/001042-119.02-e... www.collectionscanada.gc.ca/databases/cef/001042-119.02-e...

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    Moominpappa06

    • 21/Oct/2013 21:09:00

    Flight Lieutenant Brachi and Flying Officer McLeod of 239 Squadron were lost while flying Mosquito HJ935. They were engaged in a Serrate mission. Flying as night-fighters, the crews would join the bombers streams heading for Europe and then use specialist equipment to home in on the radar carried by the German interceptors sent up to stop the bombers. Unfortunately the specialist equipment made them slower and more prone to problems. www.rafcommands.com/archive/13955.php books.google.co.uk/books?id=gGKQbYgYbioC&pg=PA120&amp... His medals were sold at auction in 1992. The lot consisted in part of "1939-45 Star, Atlantic Star and War Medal Groups, all Royal Air Force F/Lt. B. J. Brachi, with 'Air Crew Europe' bar, named condolence enclosure, entitlement slip, box of issue -- "Mr & Mrs L. Brachi" and details from 141 and 239 Squadron record books www.christies.com/lotfinder/LotDetailsPrintable.aspx?intO... A Dutch site has them crashing in the North Sea near Zouterlande. www.defensie.nl/media/verliesregister_1944_tcm46-154755.pdf BRACHI, BASIL JOHN Rank:.............................Flight Lieutenant Service No:..................109905 Date of Death:.............29/01/1944 Age:..............................22 Service:.......................Royal Air Force Volunteer Reserve, 239 Sqdn. Panel Reference.........Panel 201. Memorial.....................RUNNYMEDE MEMORIAL Additional Information: Son of Mr. and Mrs. L. Brachi, of Torrington, Devon. CWGC www.cwgc.org/find-war-dead/casualty/1530266/BRACHI,%20BAS...

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    Moominpappa06

    • 21/Oct/2013 21:25:07

    It may be a co-incidence but as Vincent Brachi ended up as a South African Surveyor, and was old enough to have fought in the Boer War, I thought I'd check out that angle. The Anglo-Boer web-site has both a V Brachi and a V Brachie. Both were listed on the roll of those entitled to the Queens South Africa Medal and the Kings South Africa medal for service in that conflict. I suspect this is the same individual. The unit he served with was the South African Constabulary. www.angloboerwar.com/unit-information/south-african-units...

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    victor98_2001

    • 22/Oct/2013 05:39:59

    excellent shot

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    Neticola

    • 22/Oct/2013 09:52:30

    Fantastic picture! Congrats on explore. Via Today's Explore at #231 on Fluidr

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    BillsExplorations

    • 22/Oct/2013 13:37:50

    good luck on this great project...I'm glad this was Explored... Via Today's Explore at #286 on Fluidr

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    le cabri

    • 22/Oct/2013 15:23:31

    Caught my eye even in thumbnail

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    Moominpappa06

    • 23/Oct/2013 23:38:57

    Try this photograph of several families gathered together on holiday, with most of the individuals identified including "Captain Clarence Brachi leaning on boatshed roof" as well as Winifred Brachi and amongst the children are a David, Mary and Ann, (possibly the A from Elizabeth A?) , Brachi. www.tynehamopc.org.uk/tyneham_families_miller.html The same site has this probate for Winifred. Winifred Mary BRACHI (formerly WHEELER neé MATTHEWS) died 9 September 1942 BRACHI Winifred Mary of the Mill House Bourne End Boxmoor Hertfordshire (wife of Charles Clarence Brachi) died 9 September 1942 at West Hertfordshire Hospital Hemel Hempstead Hertfordshire. Administration Oxford 8 January (1943) to the said Charles Clarence Brachi squadron-leader R.A.F. and David Peter Brachi flight-lieutenant R.A.F.V.R. Effects £1,710 2s. www.tynehamopc.org.uk/probate.html There is an interesing reference to a David Brachi as a Photointerpreter in the book "A Century of Spies : Intelligence in the 20th Century" by Jeffrey T Richelson. In early 1941, photointerpreter David Brachi extended the value of the images returned by the Spitfires and Blenheims. By early that year the covers of German shipyards had accumulated. Brachi was able to learn, step by step, the methods and pace of each shipyard. He would assign a new code number to every submarine as soon as its keel was laid and then monitor its progress in each subsequent photograph. The first report he prepared based on this study of successive aerial photographs set a precedent for the remainder of the war, for the report did simply inform the reader of what could be seen in the photographs but it estimated future U-boat production. From his examinations of the photographs Brachi knew that the 500-ton U-boats were normally off the slips after eight months. Since fitting out the boats required another two to three months, he could add a submarine to his production estimate for eleven months ahead as soon as he saw a new keel laid down. Even German camouflage did not prevent such estimates, for the extent of camouflage was precisely related to the stage of construction. The estimate Brachi produced was a shocker - a doubled production of U-boats in four months, ten in March, twenty in July. As a result, a new Admiralty estimate of U-boat production was produced, relying almost entirely on Brachi's data. Once completed it was submitted immediately to Admiral John Godrey, Director of Naval Intelligence. The next day the subject was raised at a meeting of the chiefs of staff, after which the production estimate went to Churchill. It was very shortly after this, on the 6th March 1941, that Churchill's Battle of the Atlantic directive called for Britain "...to take the offensive against the U-boat...wherever we can and whenever we can. The U-boat at sea must be hunted, the U-boat in the building yard or in dock, must be bombed" books.google.co.uk/books?id=HohPaIyc5G0C&pg=PA162&amp... The gems keep turning up for this family. On the RAF Museum site in an exhibition dedicated to Douglas Bader, there is a picture of him with the First Cricket XI at RAF Cranwell in 1929. What looks like the team manager is a Captain C C Brachi. www.rafmuseum.org.uk/images/online_exhibitions/Cricket-19...