Library of the Israelite Consistory of Paris.
A consistory was a religious authority governing the Jews of various geographic localities in France, in accordance with a Napoleon I decree circa 1808. Whenever 2000 Jews were in one locality, a consistory could be formed which consisted of a grand rabbi, another rabbi (if available), and three lay members from area. The consistory was responsible for enforcing laws passed by the Assembly of Notables, maintaining order in the towns, and making sure that no one evaded military service, among other tasks. Jews who were over 30 years of age, had never been bankrupt, and had never practiced usury were eligible to be selected to be part of this council. Consistories were phased out after 1905, when France passed a law separating religion and the state.
This book stamp is from a book looted by the Nazis and sorted by Colonel Seymour Pomrenze, one of “the Monuments Men,” at the Offenbach Archival Depot.
There are two scrapbooks of archival markings from the books sorted at the Offenbach Depot in the Seymour Pomrenze Collection held by the American Jewish Historical Society (Call number P-933) There is a finding aid for the collection here
The digitized scrapbooks are available here
For more information on this project check the Center’s blog: 16thstreet.tumblr.com/tagged/Offenbach-Depot
Dr. Mitch Fraas, Acting Director of the Digital Humanities Forum at the University of Pennsylvania Libraries' Special Collections Center is working on a similar project for the German book stamps based on NARA microfilm of the volumes the American Jewish Historical Society currently holds. See viewshare.org/views/mfraas/offenbach-bookplates/
The Center for Jewish History would like to acknowledge the following: The American Jewish Historical Society, who graciously allowed the use of their archival materials and digital content; Mitch Fraas, Acting Director of the Digital Humanities Forum at the University of Pennsylvania Libraries' Special Collections Center, for his data and technical assistance in this project; David Rosenberg, Senior Manager for Communications, and Melanie Meyers, Senior Reference Services Librarian for Special Collections, for managing and creating the digital map; as well as Reference Services Librarian Zachary Loeb and Reference Services Assistant Ilya Slavutskiy for their work on translating and mapping.
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Center for Jewish History, NYC