Try to find the spot where the photographer was standing.
It looks like the are paving the street/sidewalk with cobble stones.
Barbro B of Uppsala suggests "Bilden är sannolikt tagen på S:t Persgatan. I fonden kan man se Domtrapptornet och östra gaveln av Gillbergska huset."
arkland_swe: Thanks for forwarding! I think Barbro B is right - this should be a view from S:t Persgatan street towards the gable of the building Gillbergska huset and the tower of the old building Domtrapphuset with the typical cupola. I'll add the information!
It would be nice to see a modern photo from about the same spot posted here...